Rapeseed (Brassica rapa and B. napus) and mustard (B. juncea) are the important crops of the Brassica group grown as oilseed crops in Pakistan. These have remained one of the major sources of oil in the sub-continent for centuries. Rapeseed and mustard are a rich source of oil and contains 44-46% good quality oil. In addition, its meal has 38-40% protein that has a complete profile
of amino acids including lysine, methionine, and cystine. The meal from mustard-quality rapeseed varieties is an excellent feed for animals and birds, especially for poultry.
Light to heavy soil is good for mustard and rapeseed cultivation. Raya can be grown in all types of soil whereas loam to heavy soils is suitable for Toria crop. Sandy and loamy sand soils are suitable for Taramira crops.